New UCSD/SIO study traces moon evaporation and leads to questions about why Earth has so much water

From Scripps Institution of Oceanography/U C, San Diego

Fresh examinations of lunar rocks gathered by Apollo mission astronauts have yielded new insights about the moon’s chemical makeup as well as clues about the giant impacts that may have shaped the early beginnings of Earth and the moon.

Courtesy UCSD

Geochemist James Day of Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego and colleagues Randal Paniello and Frédéric Moynier at Washington University in St. Louis used advanced technological instrumentation to probe the chemical signatures of moon rocks obtained during four lunar missions and meteorites collected from the Antarctic.

The data revealed new findings about elements known as volatiles, which offer key information about how planets may have formed and evolved. The researchers discovered that the volatile element zinc, which they call “a powerful tracer of the volatile histories of planets,” is severely depleted on the moon, along with most other similar elements. This led them to conclude that a “planetary-scale” evaporation event occurred in the moon’s history, rather than regional evaporation events on smaller scales. The results are published in the Oct. 18 issue of the journal Nature.

“This is compelling evidence of extreme volatile depletion of the moon,” said Day. “How do you remove all of the volatiles from a planet, or in this case a planetary body? You require some kind of wholesale melting event of the moon to provide the heat necessary to evaporate the zinc.”

According to Day, a gigantic planetary collision resulting in global transformations might be responsible for eradicating such elements. Day recently led a study in the journal Nature Geoscience that showed how such a collision might have brought precious metals such as gold and platinum to Earth, likely just after the solar system formed (http://explorations.ucsd.edu/research-highlights/2012/not-of-this-world/).

To derive the findings published in the new study, the researchers employed a mass spectrometer device, an advanced instrument that precisely measures the ratios of isotopes of a particular chemical element, which Day said revealed information not accessible even five years ago. Comparing the zinc composition of moon rocks with rocks from Earth and Mars revealed severe depletions in the lunar samples.

The researchers argue in the paper that such a disparity points to a large-scale evaporation of zinc, “most likely in the aftermath of the Moon-forming event, rather than small-scale processes during volcanic processes.” The next stage of this research, Day said, is to investigate why Earth is not similarly depleted of zinc and similar volatile elements, a line of exploration which could lead to answers about how and why the earth is mostly covered by water. “Where did all the water on Earth come from?” asked Day. “This is a very important question because if we are looking for life on other planets we have to recognize that similar conditions are probably required. So understanding how planets obtain such conditions is critical for understanding how life ultimately occurs on a planet.”

Although the Apollo mission rocks were collected more than 40 years ago, the new study proves they are still offering new insights. “They still have a lot of science to be done on them and that’s exciting,” said Day. “Hopefully these kinds of results will help push for future sample collection missions to try to more fully understand the moon.” The NASA Lunar Advanced Science and Exploration Research and Cosmochemistry programs supported the research, which is representative of the work of planetary scientists at Scripps.

Related posts:

  1. Researchers find evidence of ‘liberal gene’
  2. UCSD receives grant to establish energy innovation challenge
  3. UCSD study reveals visual pattern preference may indicate autism
  4. RESEARCH REPORT: Anti-gravity treadmill in tests for knee rehab
  5. UCSD's Vinetz to head malaria study

Short URL: http://www.lajollalight.com/?p=96497

Posted by Staff on Oct 18, 2012. Filed under Health & Science, News. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0. You can leave a response or trackback to this entry

Leave a Reply

La Jolla Community Calendar

Facebook

Bottom Buttons 1

Bottom Buttons 2

Bottom Buttons 3

Bottom Buttons 4

Bottom Buttons 5

Bottom Buttons 6

RSS North Coastal News

  • Torrey Pines High School football starts Aug. 29 August 28, 2014
    The Torrey Pines varsity football team scrimmaged against San Marcos on Friday, Aug. 22. Their first game is at 7 p.m. Friday, Aug. 29. […]
  • Del Mar doctor faces 20 years for selling prescriptions to addicts August 28, 2014
    A Del Mar osteopath who sold painkiller prescriptions to addicts and drug dealers pleaded guilty in federal court Aug. 26 to conspiracy to unlawfully dispense and distribute oxycodone. William Joseph Watson faces up to 20 years in federal prison when he is sentenced Dec. 8, said Assistant U.S. Attorney Fred Sheppard. The defendant — who had been indicted on […]
  • Teacher thrilled to be back in Carmel Valley as new Canyon Crest Academy Envision Theatre Coordinator August 28, 2014
    Jeannine Marquie landed her dream teaching job when she began working at Canyon Crest Academy’s Envision in 2007. But when schools were hit by the recession and her position went from full time to part time, the actress-turned-teacher had to relocate to Orange County. Now starting her 18th year as a teacher, Marquie is back in Carmel Valley as the new theate […]